What Should be Consumed While You are on a Pregnancy Diet?

pregnancy dietIf you are planning a pregnancy, your diet before, during, and immediately after pregnancy can affect your health.

Therefore, planning your diet should be part of planning your pregnancy.

Let us discuss the important aspects of the recommended diet during pre-pregnancy, pregnancy, and post pregnancy stages.

Pre Pregnancy Diet

If you are planning a pregnancy, consult your doctor first.Doctors usually advise women to start taking prenatal vitamins at this planning stage.

In addition, women should also make sure that their immunizations are on schedule and that they get their necessary medical tests done on time.

The health of the mother and baby rests on the woman’s health before and during pregnancy. Maintaining a balanced diet and regular exercise regimen is the best way to ensure that your body is ready for the pregnancy. Also, maintaining a regular exercise schedule before and during pregnancy helps women lose weight faster after pregnancy.

Pregnancy Diet

Women have to be extra careful during this stage and maintain a healthy pregnancy diet to ensure that the baby gets all the necessary nutrients for healthy growth. Two of the important nutrients which are usually supplemented in a pregnancy diet are folic acid and iron.

These two nutrients are very essential for both the physical and mental development of the baby. Folic acid is also known to prevent neural tube defects such as spine bifida, and it is also recommended that women include it in the pre pregnancy diet.

The first trimester may be hard for the mother in terms of eating a healthy diet because of the nausea and vomiting. Many women are able to eat any solids during the first few weeks of pregnancy.

Therefore, it is important to make sure women consume sufficient liquids to prevent dehydration and take regular prenatal vitamins. In addition to that, mothers can take crackers and other light foods to prevent the nausea.

The pregnancy diet can change in the second trimester when the nausea and vomiting symptoms are alleviated and the appetite increases. In the third or last trimester, the appetite is expected to increase, and the pregnancy diet should be supplemented accordingly.

As a rule, a pregnancy diet should contain dairy products such as milk, yogurt and cheese. Dairy products are rich in calcium and are required for the growth of strong teeth and skeletal bones of the body. A diet containing dairy products is also beneficial for the mother whose calcium levels (from bones) get depleted and are used for the growth of the foetus.

Talking to your physician helps because they help outline the pregnancy diet for women. As a rule, fresh fruits and vegetables should be incorporated in the diet of pregnant women. In addition, whole grain and other fiber-rich foods are beneficial for smooth bowel movements and digestion. This is not only essential for the mother, but also passes on to the baby through the placenta.

Proteins and omega-3 fatty acids should also form a part of the diet during pregnancy. This is important for the brain development of the foetus. However, there are some varieties of fish that cannot be consumed because of the risk of mercury poisoning.

Women who prefer to eat vegetarian food have to include beans and other protein-rich items in their diet so that they get the necessary nutrients and energy.

Dos and Don’ts of Pregnancy Diets

Doctors recommend that pregnant women not go on a crash diet during this stage. This can risk the health of the mother and the baby because of the lack of nutrition and calories.

Lack of calcium, folic acid, and other essential vitamins can cause serious and irreversible damage. Therefore, before making significant changes to their diet, pregnant women should first consult their physicians.

Weight loss is uncommon during pregnancy and is a cause for concern. Therefore, women should ask their doctors for advice if they feel they are feeling weak and are not gaining the required weight.

Although weight gain is normal during pregnancy, it has to be carefully monitored by physicians. Gaining excess weight can lead to further complications and become hard to shed post pregnancy.

Foods such as oysters, unpasteurized milk, under cooked eggs or meat, liver products, and sushi should be totally avoided during this time because of the high content of retinol which hinders the growth of the baby.

Post Pregnancy Diet

Women end up gaining a lot of weight during pregnancy. Doctors usually advise that some of the excess weight can be lost during breastfeeding and by maintaining a nutritious diet. Post pregnancy diet should not include junk food, and women should stay away from alcohol and smoking.

All physicians recommend that women breastfeed after delivery. This not only provides the required nutrition to infants but also helps them lose excess weight. Experts claim that up to 500 calories are utilized during breastfeeding and can help get women in shape.

Therefore, there is no need for women to starve themselves after delivery and deprive themselves and their infants of the necessary nutrition.

Pregnancy is an important event in a woman’s life. Since their diet ends up affecting the foetus’ health, women have to be careful and maintain a healthy and balanced diet both before, during, and after pregnancy.

Detailed information regarding pregnancy diet can be obtained from a doctor, nutritionist, or from various online sources. Any comments are highly appreciated!